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How do you handle frames and windows in Selenium?

When selenium testing is being performed, there will be situations where frames or windows need to be handled strategically. The content of a particular webpage is segmented into vertical and horizontal splits. Creating robust locators in selenium is one of the significant challenges when such types of applications are worked upon because eventually, the elements on the page need to interact. When frames are used, it becomes even more difficult, as frames have an issue with proper interaction. When a web application or website is automated, there will be scenarios where multiple windows will be opened within an application, when a user performs certain actions on all the windows that have been opened. There should be a specific mechanism to handle all the windows in selenium. In this article, you will get to know about handling windows and frames in windows through the application of certain specific methods.

What does a frame in Selenium mean?

Frames provide a platform where sections of a web page are divided using HTML.

Following are the methods that can be used to handle frames in Selenium:

1. switchTo().frame(framenumber): The frame id is used as the parameter. The frame id index starts from 0. If the frame is not found then NoSuchFrameException is thrown.

2. switchTo().frame(frameName): The parameter for frame name is used as defined by the developer. The frame name is enclosed in quotes and is considered to be a string. If the frame is not found then NoSuchFrameException is thrown.

3. switchTo().frame(WebElement): The webelement is used as the parameter. If the frame is not found then NoSuchFrameException is thrown. If the frame is no longer active then StaleElementReferenceException is thrown.

3. switchTo().defaultContent(): With this method, the focus is shifted to the first frame of the page.

What does a window in Selenium mean?

It is the main webpage on which a user lands by clicking on a specific URL/Link. Such a window is known as the parent window in Selenium and in other words, it is known as the main window. When the Selenium WebDriver session is created, it gets opened.

Identifying parent window and child window:

A webpage is opened when a user hits a URL. This page is known as the parent window, i.e., the main window on which the user has landed by clicking on the specific URL. When the selenium automation script gets executed, this is the same webpage that gets opened. Inside the main window, all the windows that get opened are known as child windows. Depending upon the context, a child window may or may not have a URL. 

The behavior of the child windows can be checked easily when a web application is being manually tested. This is because they are visible in the context of the main window.

Following are the methods that can be used to handle windows in Selenium:

1. getWindowHandle(): The main window i.e., the parent window that uses getWindowHandle() method needs to be handled when a website opens. A unique ID of the current window is provided by this method that will identify it through the driver instance. The value of the string type will be returned. 

2, getWindowHandles(): All the opened windows, which are the child windows are handled by the web driver by using a driver.getWindowHandles() method. 

3. Set: The window is set in the form of a string. The syntax is as follows:

Set<string>set=driver.get.windowhandles()

4. switchto(): Using this method, windows can be switched 

5. action: Using this method, certain actions can be performed on the windows. 
Conclusion: If you are looking forward to implementing selenium testing for your specific project, then do get connected with a well-established software testing services company that will provide you with methodical testing solutions and tactical advice that is in line with your project specific requirements

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What are the best open-source test automation frameworks?

A framework is a set of libraries, common tools, assumptions and best practices that can be used across teams. A test automation code will be more stable, maintainable and reusable by utilizing a framework, which in turn helps save cost by identifying complicated defects that may prove to be costly if it is left unidentified. An open-source test automation framework can potentially test GUI and APIs, apart from the many other key testing activities it is involved in. In this article, you will get to know some of the best open-source test automation frameworks.

Following are some of the best open-source test automation frameworks:

1. Selenium: It is one of the most popular test automation frameworks exclusively used for testing web applications. It is known for its cross-compatibility as it is easily compatible with various browsers, operating systems and devices. Test scripts can be easily written in multiple languages, which is also one of the reasons why Selenium is the basis for a number of automation frameworks and testing tools. It can be easily integrated with a playback tool as test authoring can be enabled without learning specific scripts.

2. Serenity: It is an open-source, Java-based test automation framework through which automation tests can be easily written for regression and acceptance tests. Serenity is considered to be one of the best tools when it comes to easily integrating with Behavior-Driven Development (BDD).  Selenium and BDD tests can be written using this tool by abstracting boilerplate code. Multiple scenarios can be tested at a high level, while the lower-level record details can be sustained.

3. Galen: It is a test automation framework that is best used for improving the User Experience (UX). UX testing is the focus area of Galen with a specific syntax for testing and also making sure that the web and mobile application’s layout is verified. Browser windows’ size can be properly specified so that tests can run on layout specifications. Test files can be written in Java, JavaScript or Galen syntax. Detailed HTML reports are generated through heatmap analysis.

4. Appium: It is an open-source test automation framework, exclusively used for testing mobile applications based on a WebDriver protocol. Uniformity is the core aspect on which it is built. The same APIs can be used for writing tests on different platforms. The need for recompiling applications can be eliminated using this tool. This framework provides options for choosing different frameworks and coding languages to run tests.

5. Testproject.io: This open-source framework provides a robust community. Selenium and Appium are the two open-source tools on which it is built. Commonly used automatic actions are used to run tests by new testers. It supports multiple languages such as C++, Java, JavaScript, Python etc.  Some of its key features include a global automation grid, test recording and automation building blocks to help QA testers who have never coded, but, will have to learn and write code.

6. Robot framework: It is a python-based test automation framework. One of the main features of this framework is its keyword-driven approach based on which tests can be created that are easy to write and read. It has rich integration of generic text libraries, APIs and tools. It tests things that include Appium, Android, MongoDB, FTP, Websites etc. Tabular data syntax is supported by this framework.

7. Citrus Framework: It is an open-source framework used for automating integration tests for any data format or messaging protocol. If any kind of messaging transport such as JMS, SOAP, REST or HTTP is being used, then the Citrus framework is the best option to go for in order to test messaging integration. The Citrus framework can be easily integrated with Selenium. A user interface needs to be interacted with and then the back-end process is verified through the usage of this integration.

Conclusion: If you are looking forward to implementing a test automation framework for your specific project, then do get connected with a globally renowned software testing services company that will provide you with a strategic testing blueprint that is in line with your project specific requirements.

About the author: I am a technical content writer focused on writing technology specific articles. I strive to provide well-researched information on the leading market savvy technologies.

What is the best security testing tool (open source)?

The amount of investment that is pooled in securing applications and products by organizations has scaled up. The technological world has drastically changed with many of the business aspects getting digital. It becomes obvious to protect the software application or product from vulnerabilities through robust security testing methods. There are some of the best security testing tools that can enhance the overall functionality of security testing. In this article, you will get to know about some of the best security testing tools.

What is security testing?

It is a testing method that uncovers risks, threats and vulnerabilities in a software application or product and prevents it from malicious attacks. All possible loopholes of a software application are identified by security testing. 

Following are some of the best open-source security testing tools:

1. SonarQube: It is an open-source tool through which the quality of a source code is measured. It is written in Java, but, it can easily analyze other popular programming languages as well. Continuous integration tools like Jenkins Server can easily be integrated with this tool. All the results will be populated to the SonarQube server with red and green lights. Through this tool, project level issue lists and nice charts can be viewed easily. Access via command prompt is available for advanced users. 

2. Grabber: This tool is perfect for scanning small web applications, which includes personal websites and forums. This tool does not have a GUI interface and is written in Python language. Some of the vulnerabilities uncovered by this tool include cross-site scripting, simple AJAX verification, file inclusion, backup files verification etc. It is portable and simple to use and supports JS code analysis.

3. Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP): It is an open-source, multi-platform security testing tool. A number of security vulnerabilities in a web application can be found using this tool both in the development as well as testing phase. This tool has an intuitive GUI that can be used by beginners as well as experts. It is written in Java. Through this tool, a proxy can be intercepted for testing a webpage manually. It is easy to use and can perform automatic scanning. It has a rest-based API and supports authentication.

4. Wapiti: This tool performs black box testing. Knowledge should be gained of the various commands used by wapiti. This tool provides support for both POSTHTTP and GET attack methods. Some of the vulnerabilities uncovered by wapiti are command execution detection, file disclosure, bash bug, Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF).

5. W3af: It is considered to be one of the most popular security testing tools that has been developed in the Java language. Over 200 types of security issues in web applications can be found out by testers. It provides full authentication support and is easy to use. The output can be logged into a file, email or a console and it also offers an intuitive GUI.

6. Wfuzz: This is a tool that is mostly used for brute-forcing web applications. It provides full authentication support and multi-threading. 

7. Acunetix: This tool is a fully automated network vulnerability scanner that reports and detects a huge number of misconfigurations and network vulnerabilities. Running services and open ports are discovered by this tool. It assesses the security of switches, firewalls, routers and load balancers. 

Conclusion: If you are looking forward to implementing robust security testing methods to your software application or product, then do get connected with a leading software testing services company that will provide you pragmatic testing solutions in line with your project specific needs. 

Difference between automation testing and performance testing

What is automation testing?

It is a software testing method in which automated tools and frameworks are used for testing the software. Unlike the manual software testing method, this approach of testing makes the testing process fast, reliable, and more accurate. It eliminates the chances of human-prone errors and increases test coverage. 

What is performance testing?

It is a non-functional software testing type that is performed to check how the system responds under varying load conditions. Performance testing checks the responsiveness, speed, and stability of the software and ensures that software is free from all performance bottlenecks. This test ensures that the application performs as expected irrespective of the conditions like network fluctuations, bandwidth availability, or traffic load.

What is the difference between performance testing and automation testing?

Point of difference Performance testingAutomation testing
Why is it performed?It is performed to check the reliability, stability, response time and scalability of the softwareIt is performed to speed up the software testing process and to remove bugs more efficiently as compared to the manual testing method
Who performs it?It can be performed by performance test engineers or can also be automated with the help of performance testing toolsIt is performed by leveraging automation testing tools
What are the different types?The different types of performance tests are stress testing, spike testing, load testing, endurance testing, volume testing, scalability testing  The different types of automated testing are: Unit testing, smoke testing, functional testing, integration testing, regression testing
What are the different tools?Various tools that can be used for performance testing are LoadNinja, Apache JMeter, WebLOAD, etc.The various types of automation testing tools are Selenium, Ranorex, Eggplant, TestComplete etc. 
What are the benefits?The benefits of this testing type are:Validates the functional features Improves the speed, scalability, and reliability Enhances customer satisfaction Helps in early defect identification Improves load handling capacity The benefits of this testing type are: Saves time and moneyIncreases test coverageImproves testing accuracyAllows reusability of test scriptsEnables early and fast bug identification

Conclusion

As the technology continues to advance the need for high quality, seamless performing software is also rising. Today’s software is getting complex in terms of architecture. End-to-end testing of the software is necessary to deliver a quality product to the customer. Therefore in this article, we will discuss two such software testing types that help businesses to deliver a seamless and high-quality product to the customer. Let us now try to understand the difference between performance testing and automation testing. 

Why Selenium Test Automation is Good?

The world of Software testing has only evolved over the past few years. Organizations have clearly understood the enormous value a software testing activity brings in. In this article, you will get to know about one of the most popular automation tools that has proved to be a clear global winner and that is “Selenium.” 

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What is Selenium Test Automation?

Selenium has been qualified as one of the best open-source automation tools in the software testing domain. The whole suite of Selenium testing provides a range of testing solutions to solve a bevy of software testing related issues.

Why Selenium test automation is good?

1. It’s absolutely free: Though Selenium is a free product, the range of benefits it has provided in the automation testing zone is phenomenal. Though there is a competition with ‘Katalon studio’ which is another power-packed automation testing tool, but then it doesn’t work on the Linux platform, and doesn’t have huge followership as Selenium has. Individuals and start-ups who may not invest much in testing activities can easily go for Selenium without any second thought in terms of the performance and functionality of Selenium.

2. Agile and DevOps can be easily integrated: The working of Selenium is such that it is able to easily fall under the principles behind Agile and DevOps. How exactly this can be achieved?

  • Selenium is highly flexible and is portable across all platforms
  • Selenium can be easily integrated with different development platforms such as Maven, QMetry, SauceLabs, TestNG, Jenkins etc.

3. Mobile testing can be easily and effectively performed: With Selenium test automation, a tester can easily test hybrid, native or web mobile apps with utmost efficiency. There will be a requirement for additional software testing though. To conduct mobile testing with Selenium there are two options and those are Appium and Selendroid. Developers who are well-versed in these tools can easily test mobile apps.

4. A wide range of languages, browsers and platforms are supported: Some of the highly popular languages that fully support Selenium tool are Java, C#, Ruby, PHP, Python, JavaScript, Perl, Objective-C etc. Selenium works extremely well on platforms such as Windows, Linux, Mac, Android and iOS. Selenium is also compatible with various browsers such as Google chrome, Internet explorer, Firefox, Safari, Opera, Microsoft edge etc.

How Does SIT and UAT Testing Differ?

Today, the need of high-quality software is rising in market and therefore, before releasing the software in the market, developers, QA, and software testing teams perform a variety of tests on the software to ensure its robustness and readiness for release. The software testing has four levels namely, unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and user acceptance testing. Each one of these software testing methods holds immense potential to uplift the quality of software.  Let’s now look at two of these software testing methods i.e.; system integration test and user acceptance test in detail and see how these tests differ from each other.

What is SIT?

It is a type of software testing method in which the whole system or software is tested as a whole once the unit tested modules/individual components of the software are integrated. The main integration test is to check that these modules are properly integrated and system work fine after the integration of these modules

What is UAT?

It is the last step in software testing lifecycle in which the software is tested by the end-user/client to ensure that the product meets business requirements and fulfils all specifications as stated in SRS and FDD documents. This test helps to ensure that the product fulfils all business and client expectations and is ready for release.

How does SIT and UAT testing differ?

Here are some major points of difference between SIT and UAT testing types:

Point of differenceUATSIT
When is it executed?The user acceptance test is the last step of the software testing processA system integration test is performed after the unit test but before the system test
Why is it executed?This test helps teams to get client’s approval before releasing the productThis test ensures that all the units of the software are properly integrated and functioning as expected
Who executes it?Performed by client/end-userPerformed by testers or developers
What are the different types of approaches?Alpha & Beta TestingContract Acceptance TestingRegulation Acceptance TestingOperational Acceptance TestingBlack Box Testing  Big-bang integration testingIncremental testingTop-down integration testingBottom-up integration testingHybrid/sandwich integration testing
What kinds of issues are resolved?Identifies problems related to functionalities and featuresIdentifies problems related to control flow, data flow, etc.

Conclusion: There are various types of software testing methods that help businesses to ensure the quality of the product before it is released. SIT and UAT are two such software testing types that play an important role in improving the quality of the product and preparing it for release. Leverage system integration test and user acceptance test from a next-gen QA and software testing services provider to achieve quality software.

Types of accessibility Testing

In today’s digital era, smartphones and laptops dominate almost all the facets of accessing information and knowledge. Almost everything is online right from what we learn to what we purchase. In such scenarios, there are people with disabilities who would be also interested to gain knowledge and access the specific information for their needs. Organizations must strive to apply accessibility standards to make the application available for people with disabilities. In this article, you will get to know what are the different types to test accessibility. 

What is Accessibility testing?

It is a type of testing which ensures that people with disabilities can access the application. Specific applications are tested so that disabled people are able to use the application. World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has laid down Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) for web accessibility. It is also considered to be a subset of usability testing. Some examples of such applications are:

  • Speech recognition software: The words that are spoken by the user are converted into text.
  • Screen reader software: The text that is being displayed on the screen can be read.

Types of Accessibility testing:

1. Manual web accessibility testing: One of the easiest ways to test accessibility through manual mode is keyboard accessibility. The ‘tab’ key of the keyboard plays a pivotal role. The tab key is linked with the links of a website, so every time we hit the tab key, it takes us to all the links of a website. There are certain screen reading technologies such as JAWS, NVDA, Talkback, VoiceOver etc. These screen reading technologies read what exactly is displayed on the particular appliance and thus helps people with vision impairments to understand what is displayed online so that they can further use it appropriately.

2. Automated web accessibility testing: For this type of testing method, there are many options available such as browser plug-ins (web accessibility toolbox, axe for Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox). Upon that, automated API’s (pa11y) and some other specific tools such as the color contrast analyser, JAWS inspect and accessibility inspector can be used for performing automated testing.

Benefits of web accessibility testing:

1. Legal complications can be avoided: There are many countries that have made it mandatory for websites to meet the accessibility guidelines before the website goes live. So, to avoid any legal hassles, implementing accessibility guidelines will prove to be a wise move.

2. Boosts the growth of a software application: If a software application is built keeping in view the accessibility guidelines, then it becomes obvious that people with disabilities will also use the software application. This will in turn make a software reach a wider audience.

3. Fine-tune search results: By following the accessibility standards, a website will have rich text, which will, in turn, make search engines follow your website more easily, as search engines’ core focus is to target content through specific keywords.

4. Enhanced user experience: If the digital content on your website or application is developed as per the said guidelines then any user can use your website or application as intended. By properly applying the accessibility design guidelines in an application, the application’s appearance, navigation, text clarity and other relevant features will be user-friendly and appealing.         

Conclusion: It is a human right to use a web or mobile application, and in such scenario, people with disabilities should not be ignored. Businesses can take advantage of an accessibility testing service provider, who are considered to be specialists when it comes to providing accessibility testing services. Leverage your testing requirements from a company that knows the proven and time-tested tactics to carry out software testing activities rapidly in a well-defined and result-oriented manner.

What Is Agile Methodology In SDLC?

As the need for quality and faster releases is rising, the need for agile methods is also rising rapidly. Today, businesses are adopting the agile approach as it helps them to maintain and deliver projects within the time frame. With continuous iterations, teams can deliver the product much faster as compared to other methodologies. There are many more benefits associated with this methodology which makes it so popular. Let us now try to understand this methodology in depth.

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What is agile methodology?

It is focused on iterative development and is designed to adapt to changes, respond to constant feedback, and provide constant results. It is the most significant approach of project management that is used in SDLC.  This approach has been introduced in the field of software development to overcome difficulties that were previously present in the waterfall model. It works on the iterative and incremental model. Processes are tailored according to the need of the specific project and customer requirements.

Why are the key values of agile methodology?

The key values are of the agile methodology are:

  1. Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
  2. Working software over comprehensive documentation
  3. Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
  4. Responding to change over following a plan

What are some of the popular agile methodologies?

There are various types of agile methods such as:

  • Scrum
  • Kanban
  • Crystal
  • Lean
  • Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe)
  • Extreme programming
  • Feature-driven development
  • Dynamic system development method

What benefits do businesses get with the agile methodology?

  • Helps to improve customer satisfaction – By incorporating agile practice in an organization, teams can deliver quality products to the customer faster. The agile methodology ensures that the customer is involved throughout the process so that customers get updates on their products and their requirements are fulfilled. This ensures customer satisfaction and happiness which is one of the main reason behind agile popularity
  • It is smaller and faster – Agile follows an iterative and incremental approach to development. As compared to other methodologies, agile focuses on deploying first progress in a couple of weeks or the entire piece of software in a couple of months.
  • It is effective and efficient – Agile methodology focuses on individuals and interactions and increases team productivity, it also ensures continuous collaboration and ensures that the teams are adaptable to changes so that quick results can be obtained
  • It contains a variety of methods – This methodology has a variety of methods that can be used as per the varying demands. The various methods are Scrum, Kanban, Feature-Driven Development (FDD), Rapid Application Development (RAD), Extreme Programming (XP), Crystal, etc. 
  • It enhances work culture and productivity – This methodology encourages team collaboration, transparency between client and company which improves the work culture of an organization and increases productivity

Conclusion: Agile methodologies are getting much popular among enterprises. These methodologies help the team to anticipate changes during the software development process and help teams to deliver a quality product to the customer in less time. Also, it encourages a great working culture in the organization driven by collaboration and communication. It ensures that teams work in collaboration with each other and adapt themselves to the constant changes and feedbacks. Leverage agile testing from a next-gen QA and software testing services provider to get high-quality software.

Purpose of quality uat testing

Have you known about “user acceptance testing?” I’m worried about the possibility that for a significant number of you pursuing this post, the appropriate response will probably be “No.” Unlike other more renowned kinds of testing, UAT isn’t as a continuous subject of discussion as it ought to be. Regardless of whether you are ambiguously acquainted with the actual term, do you understand what user acceptance testing is, what is utilized for, and why your association should think often about it? 

Client Acceptance Testing—What Does That Mean? 

At whatever point I’m entrusted with characterizing a term, I as a rule adopt one of two strategies. I may utilize the “isolate and overcome” system, separating the term into its constituent parts, characterizing every one independently, and afterward combining their definitions to attempt to make a durable definition for the entirety. Or then again I simply look for existing definitions, and afterward I distil and improve on them. Today I’m going with the last methodology. 

This definition is right on target. It’s as clear as possible. I’d just make a little change, supplanting the nonexclusive “arrangement” for a more explicit term. We’re discussing programming advancement here. Along these lines, in view of the two definitions you’ve recently perused, here comes my own UAT definition: 

UAT is the kind of programming testing that checks that a given application works for the client. 

For what reason Should You Adopt User Acceptance Testing? 

Before we get into the useful advances you’ll use to get your association going with UAT, we should be in total agreement in regards to your need to do as such. What’s more, I do accept that practically everybody pursuing this post can receive UAT and would profit incredibly thusly. 

A couple of areas prior, we discussed how there are numerous kinds of programming testing. We said that you were unable to trade one sort for another, as every one fills a novel need. What we haven’t referenced is that not every person needs to utilize a wide range of testing, constantly. Some of the time that is not even conceivable (e.g., performing GUI testing on a reassessment application.) 

That being said, we do accept that UAT is one of those couple of fundamental sorts of tests that practically everybody ought to perform. By the day’s end, your mileage may in any case change, however all things considered, your association would profit by receiving client acknowledgment testing, paying little heed to your organization’s size, the quantity of individuals in your group, the tech stack you use, the stage your application should run on, or basically some other factor. Also, why would that be?

What is the importance of unit testing?

A few developers think little of the importance of composing unit tests. What follows are five advantages of unit testing that you might need to consider before shaping your own sentiment. 

Any Bugs Are Found Easily and Quickly 

Code secured with tests is more solid than the code without. In the event that a future change breaks something in the code, designers will have the option to distinguish the foundation of the issue immediately as opposed to searching through a clumsy codebase to discover the issue. 

Unit Testing Saves Time and Money 

In his book, “Code Complete,” Steve McConnell shares a table with bugs and the expense of fixing them at various phases of the item lifecycle. The table shows that the prior a deformity is recognized, the lower the expense of its revision. 

Unit Testing is an Integral Part of Extreme Programming 

Unit tests are an essential for the Extreme Programming strategy. Extraordinary writing computer programs is basically a “test-everything-that-can break” technique. Composing unit tests with this strategy make advancement and code refactoring less difficult, combination simpler, and makes living documentation. 

Unit Testing Provides Documentation 

Unit tests are a sort of living documentation of the item. To realize what usefulness is given by some modules, designers can allude to unit tests to get an essential image of the rationale of the module and the framework overall. Unit experiments speak to markers that convey data about proper or wrong utilization of a product segment. In this manner, these cases give the ideal documentation to these pointers.