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Difference between automation testing and performance testing

What is automation testing?

It is a software testing method in which automated tools and frameworks are used for testing the software. Unlike the manual software testing method, this approach of testing makes the testing process fast, reliable, and more accurate. It eliminates the chances of human-prone errors and increases test coverage. 

What is performance testing?

It is a non-functional software testing type that is performed to check how the system responds under varying load conditions. Performance testing checks the responsiveness, speed, and stability of the software and ensures that software is free from all performance bottlenecks. This test ensures that the application performs as expected irrespective of the conditions like network fluctuations, bandwidth availability, or traffic load.

What is the difference between performance testing and automation testing?

Point of difference Performance testingAutomation testing
Why is it performed?It is performed to check the reliability, stability, response time and scalability of the softwareIt is performed to speed up the software testing process and to remove bugs more efficiently as compared to the manual testing method
Who performs it?It can be performed by performance test engineers or can also be automated with the help of performance testing toolsIt is performed by leveraging automation testing tools
What are the different types?The different types of performance tests are stress testing, spike testing, load testing, endurance testing, volume testing, scalability testing  The different types of automated testing are: Unit testing, smoke testing, functional testing, integration testing, regression testing
What are the different tools?Various tools that can be used for performance testing are LoadNinja, Apache JMeter, WebLOAD, etc.The various types of automation testing tools are Selenium, Ranorex, Eggplant, TestComplete etc. 
What are the benefits?The benefits of this testing type are:Validates the functional features Improves the speed, scalability, and reliability Enhances customer satisfaction Helps in early defect identification Improves load handling capacity The benefits of this testing type are: Saves time and moneyIncreases test coverageImproves testing accuracyAllows reusability of test scriptsEnables early and fast bug identification


As the technology continues to advance the need for high quality, seamless performing software is also rising. Today’s software is getting complex in terms of architecture. End-to-end testing of the software is necessary to deliver a quality product to the customer. Therefore in this article, we will discuss two such software testing types that help businesses to deliver a seamless and high-quality product to the customer. Let us now try to understand the difference between performance testing and automation testing. 


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